新闻详情
洁   净

 

   

凡作拜功或捧摸【古兰经】,必须先行洗备大小净,因为无大小净,绝不可以作拜功或捧摸古兰经,这是伊斯兰教的法例。


1.小 净

小净中主命有四件:

1.    洗脸上自额发边下至颔下,两旁至耳。

2.    洗两手,连同手肘。

3.    摸头四分之一。

4.    洗两脚连同踝骨。

小净中圣行十五件:

1.      净下(洗大小便处)

2.      举意。

3.      念主的尊名。

4.      洗手至腕。

5.      漱口。

6.      刷牙。

7.      净鼻。

8.      洁净胡须。

9.      摸头的全部。

10.  摸耳。

11.  搜手脚的指缝。

12.  每处洗三遍。

13.  顺次序。

14.  不间断连续洗。

15.  每番拜作小净一次。

小净次序:

1.      洗手至腕 (三次)

2.      漱口(三次)

3.      净鼻(三次)

4.      洗脸 (由额发边起至下颊两鬓共三次)

5.      洗右手至肘 (三次)

6.      洗左手至肘 (三次)

7.      抹头四分之一 。

8.      抹两耳。

9.      抹颈脖。

10.  洗右脚至踝(三次)

11.  洗左脚至踝(三次)

破坏小净的事项:

1.      大便。

2.      小便。

3.      下气。

4.      疮脓。

5.      出血。

6.      流黄水。

7.      呕吐。

8.      倚靠的睡。

9.      晕厥。

10.  癫痫。

11.  醉。

12.  拜中大笑。

13.  男女拥抱。


2.大 净

大净中主命有三件:

1.漱口。2.净鼻。

3.用水洗全身(由上而下、由右至左、由前而后)(如有一处未洗大净无效)

大净次序:

1.      小净 (不须洗两脚)

2.      洗头。

3.      洗耳。

4.      漱口。

5.      净鼻。

6.      洗脸。

7.      洗右肩右腋沿臂至手。

8.      洗左肩左腋沿臂至手。

9.      洗前身。

10.  洗后背。

11.  洗下身前部。

12.  洗下身后部。

13.  洗右腿。

14.  洗左腿。

15.  洗右脚。

16.  洗左脚。

破坏大净的事共有五件:

1.      男女房事。

2.      妇女月事。

3.      妇女产后血 (未净)

4.      梦遗。

5.      醒时动情的泄身。

以上任何一种情形,都破坏了大小净,应尽快从新洗大净,不可迟延,因穆民应常备大净。

如无上列五项条例之一破坏大净,则其大净仍可无限期的保存,平时作拜功,或捧摸古兰经,祇洗小净便可。


2.  CLEANING ( ABLUTIONS )

      We must have major and minor ablutions before we perform prayers or touch the Holy Quran.  According to our Islamic precepts we are forbidden to perform prayers or touch the Holy Quran without ablutions.

1        Minor Ablution ( Wudhu )

The Fardh (essential matters) of the Minor Ablution are four:

1.     Wash the whole face.

2.        Wash two forearms up to the elbows.

3.            Wipe the head with wet hands to at least                 a quarter of the head.

4.         Wash the feet up to the ankles.

The Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) Minor Ablution are fifteen :

1.       Clean the private parts.

2.       Have the Intention to perform ablution.

3.       Begin in the Name of Allah (SWT).

4.       Wash both hands up to the wrist.

5.       Rinse mouth.

6.       Brush teeth. 

7.       Cleanse nostrils by sniffing water into             them.

8.       Wet the beard.

9.       Wipe the whole head.

10.   Wipe ears, inside and outside.

11.   Wash in between of the fingers and the toes.

12.   Wash three times each action.

13.   Do in sequence.

14.    Wash continuously.

15.    Perform ablution before every prayer.

How to perform the Minor Ablution  :

1.         ash hands up to the wrist three times.

2.         Rinse mouth three times.

3.         Cleanse nostrils three times.

4.         Wash whole face three times (from ear to     ear and hairline to chin).

5.         Wash right forearm up to elbow three times.

6.         Wash left forearm up to elbow three times.

7.            Wipe the head with wet hands to at least   a quarter of the head.

8.         Wipe ears, inside and outside.

9.         Wipe the neck.

10.     Wash right foot up to ankle three times.

11.     Wash left foot up to ankle three times.

Minor Ablution is broken in the following ways:

1.        Stooling.

2.         Urinating.

3.         Breaking wind.

4.         Effusion of pus.

5.         Effusion of blood.

6.         Effusion of bloody in the mouth.

7.         Vomiting.

8.         Reclining sleep.

9.         Fainting.

10.     Epilepsy.

11.     Drunkenness.

12.     Laughing during the performance of prayers.

13.     Embracing opposite sex.

2        Major Ablution

The Fardh ( essential matters ) of the Major Ablution are three :

1.          Rinse mouth.

2.          Cleanse nostrils.

3.          Wash whole body, from top to bottom, right to left and front to back (every inch of skin should be washed).

How to perform the Major Ablution:

 

1.       Take the minor ablution (except the feet).

2.       Wash hair.

3.      Wash ears.

4.       Rinse mouth.

5.       Cleanse nostrils.

6.       Wash face.

7.       Wash the whole right arm from shoulder to the hand.

8.       Wash the whole left arm from shoulder to the hand.

9.       Wash the front upper part of the body (up to the naval).

10.   Wash the upper part of the back.

11.   Wash the front lower part of the body (from the naval downwards).

12.   Wash the lower part of the back.

13.   Wash the entire right leg (from the thigh down).

14.   Wash the entire left leg (from the thigh down).

15.   Wash the right foot.

16.   Wash the left foot.

Major Ablution is broken in the following ways:

1.         Sexual intercourse.

2.         Menstruation.

3.         Postnatal hemorrhage.

4.         Effusion of semen in dream.

5.         Effusion of semen in passion.

It is necessary to restore a Major or a Minor Ablution when it has been broken.  Do not delay.  It is essential that a Muslim has Major Ablution at all times.  

      A Major Ablution is maintained indefinitely if it is not broken by any of the above five ways.  When we have Major Ablution, only Minor Ablution is required should we wish to touch or read the Holy Quran or to perform prayers.

在线客服